The Neuroscience of Addiction – Application to Clinical Practice

Posted on:April 21, 2024
Last Updated: May 13, 2024
Time to read: 47–56 minutes

In addressing Substance Use Disorders (SUDs), a significant public health concern, it becomes important to explore the neuroscience of addiction and translate these insights into clinical practice. This approach is crucial, as SUDs are deeply entrenched in the fundamental biological drive to seek pleasure and avoid harm.

This article examines the neuroscientific perspective on how substances such as alcohol, cannabis, and others influence the brain’s reward system, triggering a cascade of neuroadaptations contributing to the development of addiction. 

While we focus on substance addiction in this article, the principles apply to other disorders of addiction, such as pathological gambling and internet addiction disorder.