Internet Gaming Addiction / Disorder (IGD)– A Review of Aetiology, Diagnosis and Management
Internet gaming is a viral modern global leisure activity defined as playing or interacting with digital forms of entertainment on a personal computer, laptop or games console. [Przyblski et al., 2017]
Players can play alone or with others, passively or competitively, and success is defined by each game manufacturer’s chosen parameters. [Griffiths 2016]
Gaming allows players to explore familiar worlds, immerse themselves in new situations, socialise, or simply pass the time. Massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are now top-rated among teenagers and young adults. [Ryan et al., 2006]
Internet gaming disorder is characterised by criteria where excessive internet gaming is coupled with other features common to other addictions.
Internet gaming disorder is subtly different from internet addiction in that it focuses specifically on gaming rather than wider online activities such as searching the internet or using other online platforms such as chat rooms. [Griffiths 2016]
Müller KW, Janikian M, Dreier M, Wölfling K, Beutel ME, Tzavara C, Richardson C, Tsitsika A. (2015). Regular gaming behavior and internet gaming disorder in European adolescents: results from a cross-national representative survey of prevalence, predictors, and psychopathological correlates. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 24(5):565-574.