Generalised Anxiety Disorder – Diagnosis and Management
Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is characterized by persistent feelings of fear and worry about everyday things that are difficult to control. [APA 2013]
Epidemiological research shows that:
- The median age of onset is in the early ’30s and it is two times more prevalent in women than in men.
- The general prevalence in children under the age of 18 is between 5.7% and 12.8% and there is an estimated lifetime prevalence of 6%.
- GAD is more common in individuals that are separated, divorced, or widowed.
- Low educational attainment and unemployment are also consistently associated with GAD, which may be related to an individual’s poor level of cognitive skills i.e. memory and problem-solving.
- The functional impairment associated with GAD is comparable to that of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).