Generalised Anxiety Disorder – Diagnosis and Management
Posted on:September 16, 2020
Last Updated: May 23, 2022Time to read: 10–12 minutes
Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) is characterized by persistent feelings of fear and worry about everyday things that are difficult to control. [APA 2013]
Epidemiological research shows that:
- The median age of onset is in the early ’30s and it is two times more prevalent in women than in men.
- The general prevalence in children under the age of 18 is between 5.7% and 12.8% and there is an estimated lifetime prevalence of 6%.
- GAD is more common in individuals that are separated, divorced, or widowed.
- Low educational attainment and unemployment are also consistently associated with GAD, which may be related to an individual’s poor level of cognitive skills i.e. memory and problem-solving.
- The functional impairment associated with GAD is comparable to that of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM–5)
The development of anxiety: the role of control in the early environment
A contemporary learning theory perspective on the etiology of anxiety disorders
Childhood cognitive performance and risk of generalized anxiety disorder
Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and generalised anxiety disorder
A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder: The GAD-7
Development and validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire
Preliminary validation of an ultra-brief version of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire
Cognitive behavioral therapy, sertraline, or a combination in childhood anxiety
A Randomized, Placebo-controlled study of Duloxetine for the treatment of children and Adolescents with Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Fluoxetine for the treatment of childhood anxiety disorders
nternet treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: A randomized controlled trial comparing clinician vs. technician assistance
Psychological therapies for generalised anxiety disorder
Psychological treatment of generalized anxiety disorder: A meta-analysis
A meta-analysis of CBT for pathological worry among clients with GAD
Pharmacological treatments for generalised anxiety disorder: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Comparative remission rates and tolerability of drugs for generalised anxiety disorder: a systematic review and network meta-analysis of double-blind randomized controlled trials.